will do/be going to do
would do/(was/were) going to do
will have done
have been doing
Scientists must communicate their message to the public in a compassionate,
Similarly, the physical act of laughter could improve mood.
The first draft will appear on the page.
Such bodily rection might conceivably help moderate the effects of psychological stress.
must → can/could will/would may/might → can't/couldn't
The details may be unknowable.
情态动词+have done/be doing
Now something similar could be happening in the oceans.
must be/can be/will be/may be等
Those first few days should be spent looking for work.
For example,lighting was always changed on a sunday.
Our subway trains are controllled by tireless robotdrivers.
The study of law has been recognized for conturies as a basic intellectual
discipline in European universities.
American professors did not possess one.
With other audiences you mustn't attempt to cut in with human.
助动词do/does/did + 动词原形
Although the figure may vary,analysts do agree on another matter.
The process is natural selection.
Americans stoped taking prosperity for granted.
及物动词doing sth/sb 作主语
Broadcasting his ambition was "very much my descision"...
...laughing probably has little influence on physical fitness.
Merely expanding the orchestra's repertoive will not be enough.
... to decide is to kill off all possibilities but one.
It is painful to read these round about accounts today.
Fortunately,the White House is starting to pay attention.
The brain finds it best to keep smell receptors available for unfamiliar and emergency signals.
The trick is to direct these funds better.
and/both...and.../not only...but also...
today's immigration is neither at unprecedented levels nor resistant to assimilation.
Surveys can cover a single large settlement or entire ladscapes.
New skills and unfamiliar business models are needed too.
The roughly 20 million in habitants of these nations looked hopefully to the future.
Similary,the physical act of laughter could improve mood.
The idea seems promising,and Rosenbery is a perceptive observer.
as + adj/adv原形(比较的内容) + as + 比较的对象和 ... 相比一样的 ...
Few people are as fertile as in the past.
adj/adv比较(比较的内容) + (than 比较的对象)
(和 ... 相比) 更 ...通常用作两者之间的比较
Rich economies are also less dependent on oil than they were,
and so less sensitive to swing in the oil price.
adj/adv最高级(比较的内容) + (介词短语 表示比较的范围)
(... 范围内) 最 ...通常用于三者或三者以上的比较
Some of the biggest developments will be in medicine...
Journalistic tastes had changed long before his death.
Since the days of Aristotle,a search for universal principles has characterized the scientific enterprise.
For years,executives and headhunters have adhered to the rule.
Behind the scenes, they have been taking aim at someone else:the accounting standard-setters.
The link between dreams and emotions show up among the patients in Cartwright's clinic.
They perpetuate the myth of the lone genius
It also sent a clear message to the outside world about his aspirations.
Despite these factors,many social scientists seem reluctant to tackle such problems.
doing 表示主动、done 表示被动、to do表示目的
It also raises questions concerning "values".
Enraged by Entergy's behavior,the Vermont Senate voted 26 to 4 last year against allowing an extension.
Its current leader,Ed Miliband,owes his position to votes from public-sector unions.
No one,he submits,could have written it without processing some power of reasoning.
These facts,however,have previously been thought unrelated.
Justice Antonin Scalia,for example,appeared at political event.
The finanical fallout has begun,and the politied fallout may not be far behind.
Almost all our major problems involve human behavior,and the cannot be
solved by physical and biological technology alone.
Naturally he will try to borrow money at a low rate of interest,but loans of this kind are not frequently obtainable.
Either Entergy never really intended to live by those commitments,or it simply didn't foresee what would happed next.
Reporters tend to be part of a broadly defined social and cultural elite,so their work tends to reflect the conventional values of this elite.
The program keeps track of your progress and provides detailed feedback on your performance and improvement.
The fossil record shows that may species have endured for millions of years.
Dr.Worm acknowledges that these figures are conservative.
We suddenly can't remember where we put the keys just a moment ago.
I don't know if other clients are going to abandon me,too.
...scientists believe that intelligence can expand and fluctuate according to mental effort.
...users could tell advertisers that they did not want to be followed.
...those differences are swamped by how well each person "encodes" the information.
...he felt certain that he never could have succeeded with mathematics.
doing + 从句
to do + 从句
Neither of these patterns is borne out by the analysis,suggesting that the
structures of languages are lineage-specific and not governed by universals.
You might even be tempted to assume that humanity has little future to look forward to.
To filter out what is unique from what is shared might enable us to understand how
complex cultural behavior arose and what guides it in evolutionary or cognitive terms.
That kind of activity makes it less likely that the court's decisious will be accepted as impartial judgments.
The clear message is that we should get moving to protect ourselves.
Part of the problem is that the justices are not bound by an ethics code.
For Williams,these activities become what he calls "electronic morphine".
Human nature being what it is,most people stick with default settings.
What's needed is a package deal.
That the seas are being overfished has been know for years.
What is needed is a technology of behavior.
It did not matter what was done in the experiment.
It is done + 主语从句(表达人们对一件事的观点看法)
This year,it was proposed that the system be changed.
Writing in the last year of his life,he expressed the opinion that in two or three
respects his mind had changed during the preceding twenty or thirty years.
Evidence that the lovelife program preduces lasting changes is limited and mixed.
Part of the fame of Allen's book is its contention that "circumstances do not make a person,they reveal him".
Law is a discipline which encourages responsible judgement.
主句 + 先行词 + 关系词 + 陈述句
Furthermore,the legal system and the events which occur within it are primary subjects for journalists.
Most archaeological sites,however,are discovered by
archaeologists who have set out to look for them.
On display here are various fantasy elements whose
reference,at some basic level,seems to be the natural world.
It is difficult to the point of impossibility for the average reader under the age of forty to
imagine a time when high-quality arts criticism could be found in most big-city newspapers.
In dreams, a window opens into a world where logic is suspended and dead people speak.
The other reason why costs are so high is the restrictive guild-like ownership structure of the business.
If it is trying to upset Google,which relies almost wholly on advertising,it has chosen an indirect method.
This trend,which we believe is still in its infancy,effectively began with retailer and travel providers such as airline and hotels.
n + 从句
One possible response is for classical performers to program attractive new music that is not yet available on record.
Most fisheries are well below that,which is a bad way to do bussiness.
主句 + 从属连词 + 完整的陈述句
When the United States built its industrial infrastructure,it didn't have the capital to do so.
As the economy picks up,opportunities will abound for aspiring leaderes.
Opportunities will abound for aspiring leaders,as the economy picks up.
Opportunities,as the economy picks up,will abound for aspiring leaders.
从属连词：when、while、as、before、after、since、until、as soon as、by the time
As the brain fades,we refer to these occurrences as "senior moments".
The traditional rule was it's safer to stay where you are,but that's been fundamentally inverted.
Our legal system was designed to set law apart from politics precisely because they are so closely tied.
such + n + that / so + adj/adv + that (太...所以)
so that (所以)
Indeed,homelessness has reached such proportions that local governments can't possibly cope.
Transitions should connect one paragraph to the next so that there are no abrupt or confusing shifts.
so that + 情态动词
in order that
In December 2010 America's Federal Trade Commission(FTC) propsed adding a "do not track"(DNT)
option to internet browsers,so that users could tell advertisers that they did not want to be followed.
从属连词：if、unless、as long as、once
Once a discovery daim becomes public, the discoverer receives intellectual credit.
从属连词：although、though、even though、even if、while
Although sadness also precades tears,evidence suggests that emotions can flow from muscular responses.
During most of his walking life he will take his code for granted,as the businessman takes his ethics.
Rich economies are also less dependent on oil than they were.
There be + n : 有，表达客观存在
There be + n + 介词短语(地点/方位) : 有什么在哪里
There may be more matches in the database
There is no gap between mind and matter
Not only did they develop such a device but by the trun of the millennium they had also managed to embed it in a world wide system.
But had Entergy kept its word,that debate would be beside the point.
Only recently did linguists begin the serious study of languages that were very different from their own.
It is + 强调的部分 + that + 句子
It is/was + 强调的部分 + that/who + 句子余下的部分
It is not by chance that the Funeral March is not the last movement of the Eroica Symphony.
It is they,not America,who have become anti-intellectual.
It was not until the 19th centry that the newspaper became the dominant pre-electronic medium.
If he had played last season,however,he would have been one of 42.
If circumstances always determind the lift and prospects of people,then humanity would never have progressed.
谓语动词用"(should) + 动词原形"
European ministers instantly demanded that the International Accounting Standard Board(IASB) do likewise.
This year,it was proposed that the system be changed.
The idea is intuitively compelling,but it doesn't explain how ideas actually spread.
It's hard to imagine that many people are dumb enough to want children just because Reese and Angelina make it look so
Moreover,average overall margins are higher in wholesale than in retail;wholesale demand from the food services sector is growing quickly as more Europeans
eat out more often;and changes in the competitive dynamics of this fragmented industry are at last making it feasible for wholesalers to consoldate.
But take a longer view and there is a surprising amount
that we can say with considerable assurance.
The hardest task that television asks of anyone is
to turn the power off after he has turned it on.
One of the reasons why the appointment came as such a
surprise,however,is that Gilbert is comparatively little known.
The IASB says it does not want to act without overall planning,...
In those far-off days,it was taken for granted that the critics of major papers would write in detail and at length about the events they covered.
When the court deals with social policy decisions,the law it shapes is inescapably political...
The way consumers now approach the process of making purchase decisions means that marketing's impact stems from a broad range of factors beyond conventional paid media.
The decision of the New York Philharmonic to hire Alan Gilbert as its next music director has been the
talk of the classical-music world ever since the sudden announcement of his appointment in 2009.
During the late 1990s,national spending on social sciences and the humanities as a percentage of all research and
development funds -- including government,higher education,non-profit and corporate -- varied from around 4% to 25%;...
Bob Liodice,the chief executive of the Association of National Advertisers,says consumers will be worse off if the industry cannot collect information about their preferences.
Two of the three objecting Justices—Samuel Alito and Clarence Thomas—agreed with this Constitutional logic but disagreed about which Arizona rules conflicted with the federal statute.
A sacred place of peace,however crude it may be,is a distinctly human need...
Yet these creatures are members of the biotic community and,if its stability depends on its integrity,they are entitled to continuance.
Contrary to the descriptions on record,no systematic evidence was found that levels of productivity were related to changes in lighting.
But as the Nuclear Regulatory Commission(NRC) reviews the company's application,it should keep in mind what promises from Entergy are worth.
It hoped they would learn how shop-floor lighting affected workers' productivity.
The rough guide to marketing success used to be that you got what you paid for.
The English,the Germans,the Dutch and the French were investing in Britain's former colony.
All theories,however,are tentative and are subject to criticism.
The process sweeps from hyperactive America to Europe and reaches the emerging countries with unsurpassed might.
...he advocated freedom of thought and of personal expression.
So disciplines acquire a monopoly not just over the production of knowledge,but also over the production of producers of knowledge.
According to accounts of the experiments,their hourly output rose when lighting was increased,but also when it was dimmed.
The behavioral sciences have been slow to change partly because the explanatory items often seem to be directly observed and partly because other kinds of explanations have been hard to find.
1、还原，去掉"it is ... that ..."，余下的部分可以还原成一个完整的句子为强调，反之为主语从句。
2、"it is ... that ..."中间为形容词或动词，则为主语从句。
特殊关系词 whereby = by which
These rules say they must value some assets
at the price a third party would pay.
The definition also excludes the majority of teachers,despite
the fact that teaching has traditionally been the method
whereby many intellectuals earn their living.
Smaller species survived.
They gave justices permanent positions.
Everybody loves a fat pay rise.
You always keep your eyes open.